Detail on categories

CategoryTitleDescription
LPhysical artefactArtefacts, objects or craftworks, exhibited, commissioned or otherwise presented or offered in the public domain, for example visual arts, craft and cultural creations.
PDevices and productsAn element, system or substance developed to perform a particular function, set, or combination of functions. Incorporates developing the concept and the design and development of any chemical, mechanical, electronic and software components, and where appropriate the overall system architecture.
MExhibitionA single or series of public events, or short-term, long-term or permanent installations, at which works of interest are displayed. This may take the form of moving image, sonic, visual or other digital media or written text, or a combination of these, as appropriate, to enable the panel to access the research dimensions and/or the researcher’s contribution to the exhibition and to assess its significance, originality and rigour.
IPerfomanceA live or recorded performance (by, for example, an actor, musician, dancer, conductor, artist) to an external audience. The ‘author’ can have one (or more) of a variety of major roles (e.g. lead performer, director, writer) in the production, which should meet the REF definition of research. The role should be specified within the additional details required, with details of other participants involved in the research.
FPatent/published patent applicationGranted patents, copyrights, trademarks, or registered designs on specific products or processes. Patents can have been granted in the UK or another patent-awarding country.
JCompositionAn original published/publicly available score, first performance or first recording by a record label of a musical composition.
KDesignA creative research/problem-solving output in the form of design drawings, books, models, exhibitions, websites, installations or built works. This may take the form of moving image, sonic, visual or other digital media or written text, or a combination of these, as appropriate, to enable the panel to access the research dimensions and/or the researcher’s contribution to the design and to assess its significance, originality and rigour.
NResearch report for external bodyNon-confidential reports, commissioned and/or funded by an external organisation, including reports for private companies, government departments and nongovernmental organisations. May also include non-commissioned reports.
OConfidential report for external bodyConfidential reports commissioned and/or funded by an external organisation, including reports for private companies, government departments and non- governmental organisations. For clarity, confidential material is not in scope of the open access requirements.
GSoftwareOriginally researched, created and published software (computer programs and their associated documentation, consisting of a set of instructions written by a programmer) or database products of commercial quality, which has been made publicly available.
HWebsite contentA collection of material which embodies research and is undertaken on a systematic basis specifically for dissemination through a website and/or as an interactive approach to allow users to engage directly with the process or products of the research.
QDigital or visual mediaResearch outputs presented in digitised and/or audio-visual format. This may take the form of moving image, sonic, visual or other digital media or written text, or a combination of these, as appropriate, to enable the panel to access the research dimensions and/or the researcher’s contribution to the output and to assess its significance, originality and rigour.
SResearch datasets and databasesData sets may come in a variety of formats, for instance in spreadsheet, but also any collection of data on which analysis can be performed. Databases are collections of data specifically organised and presented for the ease of viewing, retrieval and analysis.
VTranslationA translation of a work or body of works by another author or authors, informed by critical evaluation of the sources (such as earlier manuscripts, texts, documents and letters), and by critical analysis of the work’s original cultural context for the new readership.
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